OECD Benchmark definition of foreign direct investment 1The most recent version of the OECD’s Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) sets the world standard for direct investment statistics. The main focus of the Benchmark Definition is FDI statistics encompassing direct investment positions and related direct investment financial and income transactions (flows). It also provides guidance on how to compile comprehensive breakdowns by partner country and by industrial activity.

Some of the objectives of the Benchmark Definition are to provide: international standards for FDI, a single point of reference for compilers and users of FDI statistics and practical guidance to users of direct investment statistics, including the relationship of FDI to other globalization measures.


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Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)